September is World Alzheimer’s Month

Each September, the Alzheimer’s Disease International releases a report of the status of Alzheimer’s Disease throughout the world. This year, their report was entitled “The Global Impact of Dementia.” In it, they document the global prevalence, incidence, cost and trends of dementia in the world today. Some interesting facts include:

  • In 2015, there are estimated to be 46.8 million people worldwide who are living with dementia.
  • This number is expected to double every 20 years, and will reach 131.5 million in 2050.
  • Throughout the world, there is estimated to be one new case of dementia every 3.2 seconds, or 9.9 million news cases.
  • Of the number of new cases of dementia:
    • 4.9 million are in Asia
    • 2.5 million are in Europe
    • 1.7 million are in the Americas
    • 0.8 million are in Africa.
  • The global cost of dementia care is $818 billion in 2015, and will reach $2 trillion by 2030.
  • Global dementia care, if it were a country, would be the 18th largest economy in the world.

These are pretty grim statistics, especially in light of the fact that there is no effective treatment, no cure, and no proven way to prevent Alzheimer’s or dementia. However, if you are inclined to take part in the fight against Alzheimer’s or dementia, there are studies you can volunteer for. Even if you do not have a personal or family history of these diseases, you may be needed in a study. If interested, contact the NIA’s Alzheimer’s Disease Education and Referral (ADEAR) Center at 1-800-438-4380 or visit www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/clinical-trials.

Tips for Working with Caregiving Aides

David Troxel, the well-known author of the “Best Friends Approach to Alzheimer’s Care,” and an Alzheimer’s caregiver himself, tells a story of how he taught his mother’s caregiving aides how to prepare afternoon tea.

This article first appeared at BrightFocus.org and can be read in its entirety here.

Update to the Medicare “Observation Status” Problem

Several months ago, in September 2013 specifically, I wrote about the issue of being under “observation status” when in the hospital.  A problem occurs when a hospital deems a patient “under observation.”  Such a status means just that.  What it does not mean is that the patient has been admitted to the hospital.  The patient may be in the hospital, on a unit, and in a hospital bed in a regular room, even receiving all the routine procedures of a hospitalization, but if they are “under observation,” it can create a problem, especially when the discharge plan is to go to short term rehab in a skilled nursing facility.  Unless the patient was “admitted,” and was in the hospital for at least three days, the rehab stay currently will not be covered by Medicare.  The person’s only option is to pay privately for the rehab stay, or go directly home, if that is possible.

Now, though, efforts are under way to change that.  Congress is addressing this issue through the “Improving Access to Medicare Coverage Act” (HR 1179 and S 569).  If passed and signed into law, the time spent in observation will count toward the three day hospitalization requirement.  Let your representatives know if you support this bill.

Weather Wise – Keeping Seniors Safe During Winter’s Extremes

It’s early January and we’ve just been through a spell of extreme winter weather.  During the week of the Polar Vortex, there were 21 cold related deaths reported in the U.S.  Some were related to shoveling snow, and some were homeless people who chose not to come in out of the cold, or tried and did not get inside fast enough.

All this brings up a good time to review the measures we should take in caring for an older adult during the winter months.  Older adults require more awareness on our part to assure they are properly attired and warm, so that they do not develop hypothermia.



What is Hypothermia?

Defined as having a core body temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, hypothermia can occur when the outside environment gets too cold or the body’s heat production decreases. Older adults are especially vulnerable because their bodies’ response to cold can be compromised by medical conditions such as diabetes and by use of some medicines, including over-the-counter cold remedies. Hypothermia can develop in older adults after relatively short exposure to cold weather or even a small drop in temperature.

What are the Signs of Hypothermia?

Be aware of slowed or slurred speech; sleepiness or confusion; shivering or stiffness in the arms and legs; poor control over body movements; slow reactions, or a weak pulse.   

Some Tips to Help Older Adults Avoid Hypothermia

  • Keep the house warm enough. Set the thermostat to at least 68 to 70 degrees. In older adults, even mildly cool homes with temperatures from 60 to 65 degrees can lead to hypothermia.
  • Older adults should wear long underwear under their clothes, along with socks and slippers. When indoors, use a blanket or afghan to keep legs and shoulders warm and wear a hat or cap.
  • When going outside in the cold, it is important for an older adult to wear a hat, scarf, and gloves or mittens to prevent loss of body heat through their head and hands.  Wear several layers of warm loose clothing to help trap warm air between the layers.
  • Check with their doctor to see if any prescription or over-the-counter medications you are taking may increase their risk for hypothermia.



Alzheimer’s Awareness Month – Know the Seven Tips for Successful Aging


November is Alzheimer’s Awareness Month, and it creates a good time to stop and learn what we can do to improve our awareness of the disease, as well as to increase our chance of improved brain (and heart) health for a lifetime.  The Alzheimer’s Foundation of America has a colorful poster style graphic on just what we can do throughout our life for successful aging.  Good brain and heart health practices last a lifetime, and may help prevent or delay Alzheimer’s, other dementias, and cardiovascular diseases.  And of course, healthy practices feel better too.